Frontend + Backend - RoadMap for Professional Web Developer

If you wish to pursue a career in Computer Science (CS) and Information Technology (IT) sector, there is a possibility you might want to become a web developer. Considering the competition in today's era, you'll require a unique set of skills to land a job.

According to India shoppers in web development, there are two options for you to choose from. Either a backend developer or a frontend developer. Each job requires you to have a strong command over programming languages.

A question might pop up in your head that what are the skills required to become a skilled web developer? Today we will shed light on the Web Development RoadMap for becoming a backend or frontend developer.

First, let's discuss the necessary programming languages to become a frontend developer:

A frontend developer is responsible for all the visuals and effects on your website. It's their job to make a website more bright and interactive for a visitor.


If you wish to pursue a career as a frontend developer, learning HTML and CSS is just for you. They are the backbones of the frontend developing. Both HTML & CSS are used to style your website in a way that it stands out to a user.

2. Javascript

After learning HTML and CSS, you will have the basic knowledge of how to style your website. But you can only hope to land even a mediocre job as a frontend developer only if you know Javascript too. These three languages are known as the pillars of frontend developing.

3. Angular Framework

In the past few years, most of the frontend developer’s projects could be easily completed with only the languages mentioned above. But nowadays, clients demand the programmer to code with frameworks like Angular or Vue.Js.

The frameworks have the edge over the basic programming languages as with framework the coder can complete a web program in comparatively lesser time.
Now, let's have a look at what are the languages that you need to have a strong command to be a backend developer:
A backend developer is responsible for all the coding related to servers, troubleshoot problems and to coordinate with the frontend developer to create a perfect website.

1. Java

Java is arguably one of the most used commonly used languages in backend developing. Whether it is designing a game or a mobile app, it is used in all of them. So, a programmer must have good knowledge of Java to become a backend developer.

2. Python

Python is also another mainstream backend programming language like Java, C, and C++. Frameworks play an essential role in python, just like any other programming language in today's world. One such framework is known as Django, which plays a significant role in improving the skillset of a backend developer.

3. MySql and PHP

There is a possibility that you might have heard bad things about PHP and MySql like it's unconventional or old. But the reality is it is the most straightforward language to write the server codes. And, the fact that almost 50% of the internet still runs on these two languages, there is a lot of scope for you.

These were the languages who can learn if you want to pursue either frontend or backend developer as a career. Now, let's discuss some of the common languages and software that are used by both parties:


The HyperText Transfer Protocol (HTTP) and the HyperText Transfer Protocol Secure (HTTPS) is are the protocols over which the data is transferred from between the site and your browser. Previously due to reports of several breaches in the data, the secured version of the HTTP was introduced. Also, the basic knowledge of these two protocols is necessary for becoming both the backend and frontend developer.

2. Git and GitHub

Initially, you might confuse yourself with Git and GitHub being the same thing. But they are quite different, Git is used to managing your source code history, or you can say that it is a revision control system.

On the other hand, GitHub is a service for projects that utilize Git. So, make sure to have deep knowledge about these two platforms before beginning your career as a web developer. Moreover, if you are looking for Software developer jobs then it could be the best chance to try it.

3. Character Encodings

The knowledge of the Character Encodings is critical as it will show how your text will look on the website. They are many Character Encodings such as Unicode, ASCII, 8-bit, etc. If you wish to create applications that will be viewed around the globe, learning Character Encodings should be on your list.
If you learn the languages as mentioned earlier and frameworks, it will aid you in your dream of becoming a web developer. There are a lot more languages that you can learn apart from the mentioned above, feel free to gather as much knowledge as possible.